how to respond to a demand letter or summons letter

How to Respond to a Summons and a Demand Letter

Responding To The Demand Letter

DISCLAIMER: We are not lawyers and are not giving legal advice. We strongly recommend speaking to a professional attorney.

If you get a demand letter, you need to read it very carefully and respond within the time limit set out in the letter. Credit collectors can and do make mistakes. Make sure that the debt is yours or that you are responsible for it. Make sure that the debt amount is accurate. If it is older than three years, check your state (or that state where the debt was incurred) statute of limitations. Each state is different, and limitations range from three to ten years.

Read the Demand Letter to:

  1. Make sure the debt is yours
  2. Make sure the debt amount is accurate
  3. Make sure the debt circumstances are correct
  4. Make sure your debt is within your state’s statute of limitations

The letter may threaten all sorts of actions. Some of this may be hyperbole, meant to scare you or take advantage of your lack of knowledge.

Below is a Letter of Demand Sample.

demand letter sample

If you dispute any of the information in the letter, respond in writing. Explain why the information is incorrect and if you have documentation to support your claims, send copies. DO NOT send the actual documents.

Once you have verified the information, respond in writing.

  • Be polite
  • Explain any misunderstandings
  • Send copies of documents that support your argument – do not send the actual documents
  • Send the letter with confirmation of delivery

In your response letter, do not make promises to pay, especially if you do not plan to pay. That offer can reset the statute of limitations. Do not admit you are responsible but do not lie. Finally, don’t make threats or use profanity.

DO NOT

  • Make promises to pay
  • Admit that you are responsible
  • Make threats
  • Lie

Responding To The Summons Letter

Take a summons letter very seriously. Do not ignore the letter. If you ignore the letter, you may lose the case. The summons is a legal action. If you ignore it, the next step the court will take will be a warrant for your arrest.

If you receive a summons, make sure that you are the correct person. The heading will read Plaintiff (the creditor) vs Defendant (you). If this is not you or your debt, respond in writing immediately. There is be a section explaining how much the debt is and how and when it was incurred. Make certain these are correct. You will receive notice of where, when, and what date you are expected to appear in court. If you incurred the debt in another state, you may have to travel to that state.

Below is a Summons Letter Sample.

Summons Letter Example

If you receive a summons:

  • Make sure the debt is yours
  • Make sure the debt amount is accurate
  • Make sure the debt circumstances are correct
  • Make sure your debt is within your state’s statute of limitations

If you need to respond to a summons, include ALL the information on the letter so it can be filed correctly. This includes:

  • Court’s name
  • The case number
  • Your name
  • The creditor’s name

If you have a legitimate reason for not being able to attend the hearing, you may ask, in writing, for the date to be changed. The court may or may not grant the change.

Notice of Intention to Defend

If you plan to defend the suit, you must let the court know, generally within ten court days. The summons will contain a Notice of Intention to Defend. You will fill it out and make two copies. One copy must be taken to the court issuing the summons. It will be stamped and filed. Have the original stamped as well. The other goes to the plaintiff’s attorney or address on the summons. Have the original stamped by the plaintiff. Keep the original.

If you miss the 10-day limit, follow the above advice. Email or fax the notice to the attorneys and then deliver the copies as noted above. It may help you avoid the default judgement.

To defend a summons:

Fill out the Notice of Intention to Defend included in the summons

  • Make two copies
  • Take the copies to the court issuing the summons
  • Have the original and the copies stamped
  • Give one copy to the court to file
  • Give one copy to the plaintiff or plaintiff’s attorney (address will be on summons)
  • Have the original and the plaintiff copy stamped by the plaintiff
  • Keep the original!

Hiring a Lawyer

It is your right to contact an attorney. If the case is complicated or involves large amounts of money, you may want to be represented in court. Be aware that that the losing side may be required to pay the legal fees of both sides.

We are NOT LAWYERS and ARE NOT GIVING LEGAL ADVICE.

Our Debt Specialists can help you explore your alternatives to bankruptcy, including debt consolidation and debt settlement options.
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