Should I Pay Off Debt Before Buying a House?
I never truly understood the saying “more money, more problems” until I actually started making more money. I’m not rich by any means, but every time I get a raise, a bonus, or a promotion, I go out and spend more money, which leads to more debt and more problems. Most of us want to end our cycle of spending and become financially free. Unfortunately, increased spending with increasing earnings is just the start of our debt woes; it gets even more complicated when you start thinking about bigger, more necessary purchases.
If you’re anything like me, the more money you’ve made, the more you’ve thought about that one massive investment we all aspire to — a home of your own. A house is a more worthwhile purchase than most things, but the prospect can leave us wondering how to prioritize our debts. Obviously, the fewer debts you have, the easier it will be to qualify for a mortgage loan, right? Not necessarily. Before picking out your dream home or starter home, you need to figure out which debts to eliminate and which to work on in the long run — a task which can be frustratingly complex.
Paying Off Debt Before Getting a Mortgage
So, here’s the big question: should you pay off debt before buying a house? The short answer is yes, by all means, you should pay off debt before buying a house. But, you absolutely must do it strategically. And you probably shouldn’t close all credit card accounts, or you could ruin your chances of even qualifying for a mortgage. If you have no debts (credit card accounts or otherwise), you could ruin your Debt-to-Income ratio (DTI), which is what banks look at to determine your borrowing capacity.
Banks use your DTI in order to score your ability to handle a mortgage loan. DTI is calculated by dividing your total minimum debt by your gross monthly income. If you have two minimum monthly payments of $500 each and a monthly income of $3000, your DTI is 33 percent (1000 divided by 3000), which is a pretty good DTI.
According to Investopedia, “a low debt-to-income ratio demonstrates a good balance between debt and income. In general, the lower the percentage, the better the chance you will be able to get the loan or line of credit you want.” With DTIs, the lower the better. But, if you’re looking for a DTI ratio to shoot for, try to stay under 40 percent, with a max DTI being 43 percent.
Becoming Debt-Free While House Hunting
You probably already noticed that becoming completely debt-free might not be as simple as it sounds, especially when house hunting; you almost need to approach the matter sideways. Instead of just paying off all of your debts blindly, you should pay attention to what your debts do to your home-buying chances. Most people would pay off high-interest debts first, in order to save more money. However, one of the best things you can do to qualify for a great mortgage loan is to make big payments on big debts — which leads to a better mortgage.
You’d think it would be safest to pay off your high-interest debts first, but that doesn’t really help your chances with the bank. In reality, paying off debts with large payments does signal to the bank that you might be prepared for the responsibility of mortgage payments.
For example, if you have a $10,000 (15 percent interest) credit card bill and about $10,000 dollars to pay bills, paying a big chunk of your $15,000 (0 percent interest) debt will actually help you more than paying off your entire credit card bill.
So you can go ahead and pay off those high-interest debts if you want, but the banks aren’t highly interested in them. What’s really impressive to banks and mortgage companies is if you can pay off debts with big payments (regardless of interest). According to Fox Business, “banks and mortgage companies do factor in what you are obligated to pay each month as a benchmark for determining your credit capacity.”
When you think about approaching paying debts vs. buying a home, remember these two important facts: first, your credit score will affect your interest rate. Second, your income (minus your payments on current debts) will signal to banks how much money you can borrow. It might be a bit complicated at first, but if you stick with it, do enough research, and ask for advice from friends, you’ll be much more equipped to handle life’s financial challenges and enjoy its rewards.